FAO and the Kuwait-based International Islamic Charity Organization (IICO) agreed to step up their cooperation to help vulnerable populations better cope with natural disasters and other shocks, which are among the key drivers of acute food insecurity.
A pilot targeted poverty alleviation program, namely, Rural Economy Advancement Programme (REAP I) was initiated in 10th five-year plan in 14 poorest villages covering 10 Dzongkhags to target extreme poverty that may not be adequately addressed by mainstream development plan programmes. With the completion of REAP I in 2012, a terminal evaluation was carried out in 2013 to study the effectiveness of the programme and to assess the worth of up-scaling the programme.
Around the globe, there is an unending cycle of producing innovative policies that are relevant and responsive to today's complex problems of disaster risk reduction and mitigation. A lot of evidence is pointing to the shifting paradigm in responding to emergencies. Foremost among them is the growing acceptance of cash transfers as a response tool to disasters. The Philippines is not oblivious to this developing paradigm. The Philippines is considered to have one of the most advanced social protection (SP) systems in the East Asia Pacific region.
The use of Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) to provide humanitarian assistance so that people may access the goods and services they need before, during and following a crisis has been gaining momentum over the past decade.