Southern Africa is subject to multiple, frequent, and compounded shocks and stressors that prevent communities from fully recovering from crises, thereby deepening their vulnerability. This vulnerability was particularly exposed during the El Niño-induced drought in 2015-2016: the worst in the region for 35 years, it devastated local food systems and severely undermined the agriculture-based livelihoods of the region’s predominantly rural population.
This brief discusses the relationship between resilience, preparedness, humanitarian assistance and social protection for children in the Europe and Central Asia region. Its objective is to provide ideas and suggestions for UNICEF’s work to support social protection systems to better prepare, prevent, respond to and recover from crisis and emergencies affecting children and their families. The brief is intended as a resource for UNICEF staff of the Europe and Central Asia region.
Millions of very poor people who depend on agriculture are frequently exposed to shocks due to extreme weather and volatile prices. Even with strong agricultural growth, an estimated 400 million people will remain at risk of hunger in 2030. Conflict and climate change may further increase these numbers.
Adequate social protection programs help vulnerable people address immediate needs, protect and augment their assets and human capital, and move out of poverty.