A systematic review and meta-analysis of 18 studies conducted in South Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia and Brazil has found that overall only 10 of 21 interventions showed a reduction in GBV or in GBV-related attitudes. The systematic review also found the overall quality of research to be poor.The World Health Organization estimates that one in three women will experience GBV in their lifetime.
There is growing consensus that the tools and knowledge exist to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030. To reach this goal, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has established the 90-90-90 strategy, which aims to ensure that by 2020, 90 per cent of people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90 per cent of people living with HIV receive sustained antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 90 per cent of those receiving ART achieve viral suppression (UNAIDS 2014a).
Similar to HIV, tuberculosis (TB) often affects the most vulnerable populations. TB and HIV coinfection is a major obstacle in the response to HIV, with HIV causing a more than 20-fold increase in the risk of latent TB reactivation and TB accelerating the decline of immune function among people living with HIV. With at least one-third of people living with HIV coinfected with latent TB, the ramifications of TB and HIV coinfection are staggering.
Motivated by the largest ever adolescent population in Tanzania entering their economically productive years, along with the idea that cash can be leveraged with complementary programming, the Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF) is implementing a pilot targeted towards youth. The Cash Plus pilot, also known as “Ujana Salama” meaning “Safe Youth” in Swahili, is operated within the Government of the Republic of Tanzania’s Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN), with technical assistance from UNICEF Tanzania and the Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS).