This brief presents emerging evidence of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on women’s economic empowerment. Complementing a separate UN Women Policy Brief on COVID-19 and the care economy, it considers the immediate gendered economic impacts, including widening socio-economic divides and shifting national and international priorities for the allocation of resources, as well as the long-term implications for women’s employment and livelihoods.
The construction industry in Cambodia employs between 200.000 and 250.000 workers. It consists of complex sub-contracting arrangements. Large firms, often foreign companies tend to operate in the formal sector but only employ a small number of staff.
This report provides a snapshot of the policy actions being taken by OECD, EU and G20 countries in response to growing diversity in forms of employment, with the aim of encouraging peer learning where countries are facing similar issues. It shows that many countries are reflecting on whether existing policies and institutions are capable of addressing effectively the current (and future) challenges of a rapidly changing world of work.
Although Africa’s economies are growing, not everyone is benefiting from the enhanced wealth. While average poverty rates in Sub-Saharan Africa have decreased substantially, roughly 40% of the population still live below the poverty line of USD 1.90 a day (World Bank, 2018). In addition, six of the top ten countries with the highest inequality rates in the world are African. Africa’s high inequality stems from the fact that its economic growth has not gone hand-in-hand with sufficient increases in productive employment opportunities for new labour market entrants.
This paper evaluates the impact of a randomized training program for disadvantaged youth introduced in Colombia in 2005. This randomized trial offers a unique opportunity to examine the impact of training in developing countries. We use originally collected data on individuals randomly offered and not offered training. The program raises earnings and employment, especially for women. Women offered training earn 18% more and have a 0.05 higher probability of employment than those not offered training, mainly in formal sector jobs.
We report the impacts of a job training program operated in the Dominican Republic. A random sample of applicants was selected to undergo training, and information was gathered 10–14 months after graduation. Unfortunately, people originally assigned to treatment who failed to show up were not included in the follow-up survey, potentially compromising the evaluation design. We present estimates of the program effect, including comparisons that ignore the potential nonrandomness of “no-show” behavior, and estimates that model selectivity parametrically.
This report considers the existing range of programmes offering both employment and social protection in Nepal, including a range of Public Works Programme (PWPs) (including employment-intensive infrastructure programmes - EIIPs) and also the regional Karnali Employment Programme (KEP).