Despite dramatic global gains in access to education, 130 million girls of school age remain out of school. Among those who do enter, too many fail to gain the essential skills to succeed after they complete their schooling. Previous efforts to synthesize evidence on how to improve educational outcomes for girls have tended to focus on interventions that are principally targeted to girls, such as girls’ latrines or girls’ scholarships. This approach makes sense if girltargeted interventions are the most effective at overcoming the constraints specific to girls.
As mandated by the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan and Audit Act of Bhutan 2006, the Royal Audit Authority (RAA) carried out the Performance Audit of School Feeding Programme (SFP). The overall objective of the audit was to ascertain the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness in the management of school feeding with a specific focus on nutrition.
This brief explores the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Technical Assistance (TA) Social Protection Sector Development Program in Indonesia, which aimed at supporting government efforts in alleviating the socioeconomic distress caused by the 1997 Asian economic crisis, while launching sector reforms to strengthen social services delivery.
We rely on a unique pre-crisis baseline and five-year follow-up to investigate the effects of emergency school feeding and general food distribution (GFD) on children’s schooling during conflict in Mali. We estimate programme impact on child enrolment, absenteeism and attainment by combining difference in differences with propensity score matching. School feeding led to increases in enrolment by 11 percentage points and to about an additional half-year of completed schooling.
This report is part of a series of technical cooperation reports produced by the Social Security Department and the Employment Policy Department of the International Labour Office within the framework of the ILO/EU project "Improving Social Protection and Promoting Employment". The project was funded by the European Commission and implemented in three pilot countries – Burkina Faso, Cambodia and Honduras.
This document is the synthesis report of the ILO/EU project entitled "Improving Social Protection and Promoting Employment", carried out in three pilot countries - Burkina Faso, Cambodia and Honduras. It describes the project design and methodology, presents the project experiences in the three countries, and provides a series of recommendations and conclusions.