"Absorptive capacity is the ability to cope with climate variability and extremes during and after a disturbance to reduce the immediate impact on people’s livelihoods and basic needs. Anticipatory capacity is the ability of social systems to actively anticipate and reduce the impact of climate variability and extremes through preparedness and planning. Adaptive capacity is the ability of social systems to adapt to multiple, long-term and future climate change risks, and also to learn and adjust after a disaster".
Source: Slater, R. and Ulrichs, M. 2017. "How does social protection build resilience?". Overseas Development Institute. <https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/11305.pdf>. Accessed 14 May 2020.