What is Social Protection?

National health service systems

“National health service systems have three main features (…): funding comes primarily from general revenues, they provide (or at least aim to provide) coverage to the whole population, and they usually (though not necessarily) deliver health care through a network of public providers. Most low-income countries have a national health service run by the ministry of health. National health service systems finance a basic package of public health services for the entire population and some level of financial protection against catastrophic illness for at least some segments of the population. Financing also includes out-of-pocket payments and purchases of private services, limited social and private health insurance, and community risk pooling schemes.”

See also: General revenue health systems

Source: Gottret, P. and Schieber, G. 2006. “Health Financing Revisited: A Practitioner’s Guide”. The World Bank. Washington, DC, United States. <https://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTHSD/Resources/topics/Health-Financing/HFRFull.pdf> Accessed 22 April 2020.