“Geographical targeting selects different districts or villages or regions – often on the basis of poverty data where poverty is known to be chronic, or on the basis of other criteria (such as proneness to earthquakes, flooding etc where natural disasters are common and poverty may be more transitory.”
Source: Slater, R. and Farrington, J. 2009. “Targeting of Social Transfers: A review for DFID”. Overseas Development Institute. <https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/5494.pdf>. Accessed 16 October 2020.