“The commonest form of food subsidy is a direct, untargeted subsidy that lowers the price of a staple food for all consumers in a country. (…)Targeted subsidies mean that governments subsidise food prices for certain households, targeted either by income level or by category. In other words, a dual-price policy is adopted: non-targeted individuals buy food at market prices, while eligible households have access to cheaper food.”
Source: HLPE. 2012. "Social protection for food security: A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security". Rome: High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition. <http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/hlpe/hlpe_documents/HLPE_Reports/HLPE-Report-4-Social_protection_for_food_security-June_2012.pdf>. Accessed 11 June 2020.