"Adaptation is a means of responding to the impacts of climate change. Primarily it aims to moderate the impacts, as well as take advantage, of new opportunities or to cope with the consequences of new conditions (McCarthy et al., 2001) . The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) distinguishes two types of adaptation. Anticipatory adaptation (or proactive adaptation) is adaptation that takes place before climate change impacts are observed. Reactive adaptation is adaptation that takes place after impacts of climate change have been observed (Parry et al., 2007). Adapting to changes in weather and climate is not new for human societies, but climate change brings other risks, often outside the experienced range".
Source: Institute of Development Studies. 2013. "Adaptive Social Protection: Making Concepts a Reality: Guidance Notes for Practitioners". IDS. <https://www.ids.ac.uk/download.php?file=files/dmfile/ASPGuidanceNotes_FI.... Accessed 23 October 2020.