Unconditional cash transfers

Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are “grants paid to beneficiaries without the beneficiary having to do anything specific to receive the benefit are described as unconditional cash transfers.” Source: European Commission Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (2013). ‘The Use of Cash and Vouchers in Humanitarian Crises -DG ECHO funding guidelines’, ECHO

Unconditional in-kind transfers

“Unconditional in-kind transfers (UITs) distribute food, vouchers, or other in-kind transfers without any form of conditionality or co-responsibility. Examples include the provision of fortified food supplements for malnourished pregnant women and children.” Source: World Bank & International Monetary Fund (2015). ‘Global Monitoring Report 2014/2015: Ending Poverty and Sharing Prosperity’, World Bank


“Undercoverage is the proportion of poor households that are not included in the program (errors of exclusion).” See also: Errors of Exclusion Source: Coady, D. Grosh, M. and Hoddinot, J. (2004). Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries: Review of Lessons and Experience, World Bank


"A state, lasting for at least one year, of inability to acquire enough food, defined as a level of food intake insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements. For the purposes of this report, hunger was defined as being synonymous with chronic undernourishment." Source: FAO , The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015: Glossary of selected terms


"The outcome of undernourishment, and/or poor absorption and/or poor biological use of nutrients consumed as a result of repeated infectious disease. It includes being underweight for one’s age, too short for one’s age (stunted), dangerously thin for one’s height (wasted) and deficient in vitamins and minerals (micronutrient malnutrition)." Source: FAO , The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015: Glossary of selected terms.

Unemployment assistance

Unemployment assistance (UA) “benefits are intended to eliminate or reduce poverty among low income families where unemployment occurs. (…) UA is paid to only to families with unemployment whose income and assets fall below the thresholds specified by a means test.” Source: Vroman, W. (2002). ‘Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Assistance: A Comparison’, SP Discussion Paper, No. 0203, World Bank

Unemployment insurance

Unemployment insurance (UI) “benefits are intended to smooth income by replacing a portion of an eligible worker’s lost wages attributable to unemployment (…) Recipients of UI can have high income since payments are made to partially offset the earnings losses experienced by the individual regardless of total family income.” Source: Vroman, W. (2002). ‘Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Assistance: A Comparison’, SP Discussion Paper, No. 0203, World Bank

Unemployment protection programmes

“Unemployment protection programmes provide compensation for the loss of income resulting from involuntary unemployment. As such, these programmes act as a source of income replacement during periods of economic adjustment. Less than 80 countries worldwide have unemployment programmes; these are mostly social insurance programmes. Generally, the period of entitlement to social insurance benefits is limited and the benefit amount is linked to the insured's pre-employment earnings level. In the...

Unified Database

Different countries call their systems and registries in different ways depending on their historical trajectory. Depending on the country, the term ‘Unified Database’ has been used as a synonym of Social Registry , or Integrated Beneficiary Registry – both components of an Integrated Information System for Social Protection . Also See: Single Registry ; Integrated Beneficiary Registry ; Integrated Social Protection Information System . Sources : Barca (2017). Integrating data and information...

Universal Basic Income

Sometimes called unconditional basic income, basic income guarantee, Citizen's Income, universal basic income (UBI), or universal demogrant is a form of social security in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive a regular, unconditional sum of money, either from a government or some other public institution, in addition to any income received from elsewhere. Source: Van Parijs, Phillippe and Yannick Vanderborght (2017). Basic Income: A Radical Proposal for a Free Society...