“Self-targeting is based on a self-selecting mechanism as part of programmes which are designed so that only a given category of people apply for benefits.” Source: Cristina Cirillo & Mario Gyori & Fábio Veras Soares, 2017. " Targeting social protection and agricultural interventions: potential for synergies ," One Pager 367, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
Different countries call their systems and registries in different ways depending on their historical trajectory. Depending on the country, the term ‘Single Registry’ has been used as a synonym of Social Registry , or Integrated Beneficiary Registry – both components of an Integrated Information System for Social Protection . Also see: Social Registry ; Integrated Beneficiary Registry ; Integrated Social Protection Information System . Sources: Barca (2017). Integrating data and information...
“Social assistance provides support for those in poverty. Normally, social insurance is financed from contributions by workers and their employers, whereas social assistance is tax-financed (…) It is the component of social protection with the strongest focus on poverty reduction.” Source: Barrientos, A. (2010). ‘Social Protection and Poverty’, Social Policy and Development Programme Paper, No. 42
“Social health insurance (SHI) is a financing mechanism that is used in a variety of forms in high, middle and low income countries alike. Insurance as a means of financing typically involves a defined contribution (premium) linked to a defined package of benefits for a specific period of time. The risks of needing health care expenditures are pooled across individuals who are enrolled in insurance plans or programs.” Source: World Bank (n.d.) ‘Social Health Insurance’, World Bank
“Social health protection comprises all the instruments that aim at removing financial barriers preventing access to health services and protecting people from the impoverishing effects of medical expenditures.” Source: Hörmansdörfer, C. (2009). ‘Health and Social Protection’ in OECD, Promoting Pro-Poor Growth SOCIAL PROTECTION, OECD, 145-153
"Social inclusion aims to empower poor and marginalized people to take advantage of burgeoning global opportunities. It ensures that people have a voice in decisions which affect their lives and that they enjoy equal access to markets, services and political, social and physical spaces.", Source: World Bank (2013). ‘Social Inclusion’
“Social insurance consists of programmes providing protection against life-course contingencies such as maternity and old age, or work-related contingencies such as unemployment or sickness (…) Normally, social insurance is financed from contributions by workers and their employers”. Source: Barrientos, A. (2010). ‘Social Protection and Poverty’, Social Policy and Development Programme Paper, No. 42
Click here to see what social protection means to a couple of institutions working on this theme.
A Social Protection Floor (SPF) is “an integrated set of social policies designed to guarantee income security and access to social services for all, paying particular attention to vulnerable groups, and protecting and empowering people across the life cycle.” Source: ILO (2011). ‘Social protection floor for a fair and inclusive globalization’, ILO
“At socialprotection.org, content classified under Social protection systems refers to content about the systemic approach to social protection, meaning the provision of coordinated/integrated interventions”. Source: Nyst, M., Sepúlveda, M.(2012). The Human Rights Approach to Social Protection