Parental leave

“Gender-neutral, job-protected leaves from employment which usually follow maternity leaves and permit either men or women to take advantage of the policy and share the leave or choose which of them will use it. If there is no specified maternity leave, a portion of these leaves is usually reserved for women, to ensure a period of physical convalescence and recovery after childbirth. Recently, in some countries, some portion of the parental leave is reserved for fathers, on a "use it or lose it...

Paternity benefits

"Job-protected leaves from employment for fathers, for many of the same purposes as maternity and parental leaves, but especially for reasons of gender equity. They are usually much briefer than maternity leaves, function as supplements to such leaves, and are especially important when a second child is born and the first child requires care while mother and newborn may need help. Take-up is usually quite high for these leaves, in contrast to fathers' use of parental leaves". See also:...

Physical assets

“Assets that one can feel, see, touch or hold are called physical assets, for example, real estate, precious metals, jewellery, plant and machinery, vehicles, tools etc. Physical assets require maintenance, repairs and upgrades which involve expenses”. Source : Thukral, A. 2017. “Financial Assets vs Physical Assets - Striking right balance”. Deccan Herald. < https://www.deccanherald.com/content/609152/financial-assets-vs-physical... . Accessed 15 May 2020.

Piggybacking

"A social protection programme’s administrative systems can be used by humanitarian (or other) actors to deliver assistance, but the response programme itself is managed separately from the social protection programme. For example, this could be when a humanitarian response uses a specific programme’s beneficiary list, a country’s national registries or programme databases of households underpinning social protection programmes, a social assistance programme’s particular payment mechanism, or...

Pilot project

A pilot project is “a small-scale project undertaken in an effort to determine whether a larger-scale project should be undertaken at a later date.” Source : Barrientos, A., Niño-Zarazúa, M. and Maitrot, M. 2010. "Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database". Chronic Poverty Research Centre. < http://www.chronicpoverty.org/uploads/publication_files/social-assistance-database-version-5.pdf >. Accessed 17 April 2020.

Political economy

“The term political economy is subject to multiple understandings. Its origin can be found in the work of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations, of David Ricardo and Karl Marx. In this body of work, the term referred to the conditions of production organization in nation-states or what today is understood as ‘economics’. Today, the term is defined as analysis that studies the linkages between politics and economics, drawing on theories of economics, law as well as political and social sciences."...

Poor relief approach

"The poor relief approach came into use in 19th century in Europe. Later on it was adopted in some developing countries like Mexico and Colombia, and subsequently utilized by other developing countries including Bangladesh. It is a short term planning striving to resolve poverty immediately by investing limited per capita resources. It has no focus on comprehensively tackling poverty. Such approach to social protection usually fails because of large targeting errors and small budgets." Source...

Post-2015 Development Agenda

"The Post-2015 Development Agenda refers to a UN-led process that aims to help define the future global development framework that will succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which expire in 2015. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has established a UN System Task Team to support system-wide preparations for the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda. It comprises 60 agencies, as well as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. In June 2012, it published the report “Realizing the...

Poverty gap

"A measure of the "depth" or "intensity" of poverty , defined as the average difference betwen the income of poor people and the poverty line. The aggregate poverty gap is the sum of all these differences in a country. That amount is generally related to GDP ( the relative aggregate poverty line)". Source : International Labour Organization. N.d. "Glossary." ILO. < https://www.social-protection.org/gimi/ShowGlossary.action?lettre=g&glosLang=EN >. Accessed 7 May 2020.

Poverty line

“Represents the level of income or consumption necessary to meet a set of minimum requirements to feed oneself and one’s family adequately and/or to meet other basic requirements such as clothing, housing and healthcare. Those with incomes or expenditure equal to or above the line are not poor. While what the minimum should be has an important subjective element, poverty lines are typically anchored to minimum nutritional requirements plus a modest allowance for non-food needs”. Source :...