National health service systems

“National health service systems have three main features (…): funding comes primarily from general revenues, they provide (or at least aim to provide) coverage to the whole population, and they usually (though not necessarily) deliver health care through a network of public providers. Most low-income countries have a national health service run by the ministry of health. National health service systems finance a basic package of public health services for the entire population and some level...

National poverty line

"Poverty lines drawn by national governments or national statistical offices to measure poverty. It is not possible to make comparisons between countries using national poverty lines as each is calculated on the basis of criteria specific to that country". Source : Chronic Poverty Research Centre. 2005. "The Chronic Poverty Report 2004-2005". Chronic Poverty Research Centre. < http://www.chronicpoverty.org/uploads/publication_files/CPR1_appendices.pdf >. Accessed 5 May 2020.

Non-contributory health insurance

“Social health protection comprises all the instruments that aim at removing financial barriers preventing access to health services and protecting people from the impoverishing effects of medical expenditures.” See also : Social health protection Source : Hörmansdörfer, C. 2009. "Health and Social Protection". In: Promoting Pro-Poor Growth Social Protection. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. < https://europa.eu/capacity4dev/file/26963/download?token=O0C1xgfW >...

Non-governamental organization (NGO)

"The term “nongovernmental organization” (NGO) is a post-World War II expression which was initially coined by the United Nations (UN). When the UN Charter was adopted in 1945, it was stipulated in Article 71 that NGOs could be accredited to the UN for consulting purposes. Thus, scholars first mainly applied the term NGOs only when referring to those societal actors which are (because of UN criteria) international bodies and engage within the UN context. In recent decades, especially since the...

Nutrition-based poverty line

Nutrition-based poverty line "(...) is usually determined with reference to a nutritional norm converted into a minimum food basket and income needed to ensure access to such a basket (and, of course, other items of basic needs). People (or households) having incomes below the level thus determined are identified as poor − according to this measure.” Source : United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination / Sub-committee on Nutrition (ACC/SCN). 1997. “Nutrition and Poverty”. Nutrition...