“ Malnutrition is a serious condition that happens when your diet does not contain the right amount of nutrients. It means "poor nutrition" and can refer to: undernutrition – not getting enough nutrients overnutrition – getting more nutrients than needed”. Source : National Health Service. n.d. “Malnutrition”. NHS. < >. Accessed 29 October 2020.

Management Information System (MIS)

“Each social protection programme in a country entails broadly similar implementation phases along the delivery chain. The programme management information system (MIS) – and its associated database – can support the delivery of each of these phases (depending on whether the tailored software application has been designed to do so, e.g. via a tailored module). Countries offering a variety of programmes, catering to different needs and population groups, may have developed tailored MISs...

Maternal health

“Maternal health refers to the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period.” Source: WHO. n.d. "Maternal Health - Overview". World Health Organization Website. < >. Accessed 16 June 2020.

Maternity benefits

“Maternity protection offers numerous benefits. It contributes to the health and well-being of mothers and their babies and thus to the achievement of major development goals (…) By safeguarding women’s employment and income security during and after maternity, maternity protection also promotes and achieves effective gender equality at work. (…) An increasing number of countries are also implementing measures to support both mothers’ and fathers’ care responsibilities, such as paternity,...

Maternity protection

"Expectant and nursing mothers require special protection to prevent harm to their or their infants' health, and they need adequate time to give birth, to recover, and to nurse their children. At the same time, they also require protection to ensure that they will not lose their job simply because of pregnancy or maternity leave. Such protection not only ensures a woman's equal access to employment, it also ensures the continuation of often vital income which is necessary for the well-being of...


"The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. The 17 SDGs are integrated—that is, they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability." Source: UNDP. n.d. "What are the Sustainable...

Means test (targeting method)

“A means test is a method that aims to target all individuals/households that satisfy some objective criteria and are characterized by a level of living standards below a certain threshold according to a given indicator.” Source: Cristina Cirillo & Mario Gyori & Fábio Veras Soares, 2017. " Targeting social protection and agricultural interventions: potential for synergies " One Pager 367, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.

Micro and area-based schemes

"Micro and area-based schemes address vulnerability at the community level, including through microinsurance, agricultural insurance, programs to manage natural disasters." Source: ADB. 2003. 'Social Protection - Our Framework: Policies and Strategies'. Asian Development Bank. < >. Accessed 17 December 2019.


“Microfinance is the provision of a broad range of financial services such as – deposits, loans, payment services, money transfers and insurance products – to the poor and low-income households, for their microenterprises and small businesses, to enable them to raise their income levels and improve their living standards.” Source: BSP. n.d. "Notes on Microfinance". Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. < >. Accessed 16 June...


"The movement of persons away from their place of usual residence, either across an international border or within a State." Source: IOM. n.d. "Key Migration Terms - Migration". International Organization for Migration Website. < >. Accessed 16 June 2020.