Management Information System (MIS)

In Social Protection, development practitioners broadly use the term MIS to refer to systems (or software applications) that manage information for the functioning of registration and eligibility systems (see social registries ) – or for the operation of specific programs to deliver benefits and services (e.g., payments transactions, conditionalities monitoring, etc). Focusing on this second function, programme MISs (sometimes referred to as ‘benefits administration systems’) work alongside...

Maternal Health

“Maternal health refers to the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period.” Source: WHO (2013). ‘Maternal Health’, Health Topics

Maternity benefits

“Maternity protection offers numerous benefits. It contributes to the health and well-being of mothers and their babies and thus to the achievement of major development goals (…) By safeguarding women’s employment and income security during and after maternity, maternity protection also promotes and achieves effective gender equality at work. (…) An increasing number of countries are also implementing measures to support both mothers’ and fathers’ care responsibilities, such as paternity,...


“The Sustainable Development Goals, otherwise known as the Global Goals, build on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), eight anti-poverty targets that the world committed to achieving by 2015. The MDGs, adopted in 2000, aimed at an array of issues that included slashing poverty, hunger, disease, gender inequality, and access to water and sanitation. Enormous progress has been made on the MDGs, showing the value of a unifying agenda underpinned by goals and targets. Despite this success, the...

Means Test (Targeting Method)

“A means test is a method that aims to target all individuals/households that satisfy some objective criteria and are characterized by a level of living standards below a certain threshold according to a given indicator.” Source: Cristina Cirillo & Mario Gyori & Fábio Veras Soares, 2017. " Targeting social protection and agricultural interventions: potential for synergies ," One Pager 367, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.


“Microfinance is the provision of a broad range of financial services such as – deposits, loans, payment services, money transfers and insurance products – to the poor and low-income households, for their microenterprises and small businesses, to enable them to raise their income levels and improve their living standards.” Source: Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (n.d.) ‘Notes on Microfinance’, BSP


"The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border, or within a State. It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants, and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification." Source: IOM (2017). ‘Key Migration Terms’, IOM


"Modality refers to the form of assistance (e.g. cash transfer, vouchers, in-kind, service delivery, or a combination). This can include both direct transfers at household level, and assistance provided at a more general or community level, such as health services or WASH (water supply, sanitation and hygiene) infrastructure (CaLP 2017)."

Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms

“(…) monitoring and evaluation instruments serve different functions. On the one hand, monitoring tools allow an assessment of the extent to which an intervention has been evolving (tracking performance on expected results) and involve routine collection of administrative and programme-specific data on how many beneficiaries are reached and covered, how effectively the intervention is reaching them, etc. Monitoring should be a continuous process, integrated as an essential component of any...

Multi-purpose cash grants

"Multi-purpose cash grants (MPG) or Multi-purpose cash assistance (MCA) are defined as a transfer (either regular or one-off) corresponding to the amount of money a household needs to cover, fully or partially, a set of basic and/or recovery needs. They are by definition unrestricted cash transfers. The MPG/MCA can contribute to meeting a Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB) or other calculation of the amount required to cover basic needs, but can also include other one-off or recovery needs (CaLP...