Labour law

"(I)s an important means of implementing international labour standards, guaranteeing Decent Work and promoting the Rule of Law. As they regulate constantly evolving employment and industrial relations, labour laws are subject to regular assessment and reforms. (…) It is now increasingly accepted that a regulatory framework is essential if globalization is to be both socially and economically sustainable in the long term. Such a framework must include, as a minimum, all the rights and...

Labour Market Programmes

“Labor market programs are comprised of both passive and active labor market programs. Passive labor market programs include contributory unemployment insurance and non– contributory unemployment assistance. Active labor market programs (ALMPs) - or labor activation programs - are designed to promote opportunity through connecting men and women to more productive employment. They empower beneficiaries with new and improved skills, help them find employment, and increase their earning potential...


“The extent to which a programme includes beneficiaries not in the target group. The leakage rate of a poverty programme measures the proportion of beneficiaries that are not poor.” Source: Barrientos, A. et al. 2010 . " Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database - Version 5.0". The University of Manchester Overseas Development Institute. < >. Accessed 12 June 2020.


"Legislation refers to the preparation and enactment of laws by a legislative body through its lawmaking process. The legislative process includes evaluating, amending, and voting on proposed laws and is concerned with the words used in the bill to communicate the values, judgments, and purposes of the proposal." Source: Cornell Law School. n.d. "Legislation: an overview". Cornell University Law School Website. < >. Accessed 12 June 2020.


"Umbrella term for all persons who have a nonnormative gender or sexuality. LGBTQ stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer and/or questioning. Sometimes a + at the end is added to be more inclusive. A UNICEF position paper, “Eliminating Discrimination Against Children and Parents Based on Sexual Orientation and/or Sexual Identity (November 2014),” states all children, irrespective of their actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity, have the right to a safe and...

Lifecycle approach

"In almost sharp contrast to the poor relief approach, there came up a more comprehensive approach to social protection which is lifecycle approach. It reflects that individuals face different risks and vulnerabilities at different stages in life, and that social protection can be designed to address these risks at each stage. It is a provision of basic social protection to citizens from the cradle to the grave. The lifecycle approach was adopted by some European countries like Sweden in the...

Low birth weight

"Newborn infants who weigh less than 2.5 kg at birth (FAO)". Source : Chronic Poverty Research Centre. 2005. "Chronic Poverty Report 2004-05". Chronic Poverty Research Centre. < >. Accessed 14 May 2020.