Idiosyncratic risks

"The capacity of individuals, households and communities to handle risk and the appropriate risk management instrument to be applied depend on the characteristics of risks: their sources, correlation, frequency and intensity. The sources of risk may be natural (for example, floods) or the result of human activity (for example, inflation resulting from economic policy); risks can be uncorrelated (idiosyncratic) or correlated among individuals (covariant), over time (repeated) or with other risks...

In-kind transfers

“In-kind transfers provide non-cash benefits to eligible and registered beneficiaries. These are usually in the form of a commodity good.” See also: Social Assistance Source: Britto, P. et al . 2013. "Social Protection Programs and Early Childhood Development: Unexplored Potential". Australia: Plan International. < >. Accessed 12 June 2020.

Income generating activities

"The aim of an IGA (Income Generating Activities) is to produce for the market and furthermore it can be called micro or small-scale enterprise, whether it is managed at individual or group level. One of the main criteria to choose an IGA should be its profitability. (...) IGAs can be seen as the initiation phase in the progression to small business development. It is difficult to make the transition from being unemployed and lacking in skills to being self-employed and capable of managing a...


“Economic inequality refers to how economic variables are distributed—among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries. Development theory has largely been concerned with inequalities in standards of living, such as inequalities in income/wealth, education, health, and nutrition”. Source: UN. 2015. "Development Issues No. 1: Concepts of Inequality". < >. Accessed 12 June 2020.

Informal Social protection

"Informal social protection (ISP) is structured by social relations. Care and support is provided to family, community and group members through social structures and social networks”. Source : DFAT. 2014. "Informal social protection: Social relations and cash transfers." < . Accessed 8 January 2020.

Informality in Labour Market

"The informal economy refers to activities and income that are partially or fully outside government regulation, taxation, and observation. The main attraction of the undeclared economy is financial. This type of activity allows employers, paid employees, and the self-employed to increase their take-home earnings or reduce their costs by evading taxation and social contributions. On the one hand, informal employment can provide a cushion for workers who cannot find a job in the formal sector...

Integrated beneficiary registry

“Integrated beneficiary registries integrate information from existing programme management information systems to house comprehensive information on beneficiaries (e.g. to give an overview of who receives what)”. See also : Social Registry ; Integrated Social Protection Information System Source : Barca, V. 2018. “Integrating data and information management for social protection: social registries and integrated beneficiary registries”. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth. <...

Integrated social protection information system

“Developing a digital and integrated information system is a crucial step in building a national social protection system. It enables the flow and management of information within the social protection sector and between social protection and other sectors such as education, health, agriculture, humanitarian and disaster risk management (DRM). Why? Because the ability of a country to care for its people and respond to their lifecycle needs depends on its ability to identify those who are in...

Integrated System for Information Management (IMIS)

"(R)efers to broader system that enables the flow and management of information within and between social protection programs and sometimes beyond to other sectors.” See also: Management Information System (MIS) Source: Barca, V. et al . 2014. “Single registries and integrated MISs: De-mystifying data and information management concepts”. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia. <