Health Insurance

“Financial protection against the health care costs arising from disease or accidental bodily injury. Such insurance usually covers all or part of the costs of treating the disease or injury. Insurance may be obtained on either an individual or a group basis.” Source: WHO (2004). ‘ A Glossary of Terms for Community Health Care and Services for Older Persons ’, WHO (accessed 19 June 2018).


“The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. Infection with the virus results in progressive deterioration of the immune system, leading to "immune deficiency." The immune system is considered deficient when it can no longer fulfil its role of fighting infection and disease. Infections associated with severe immunodeficiency are known as "opportunistic infections", because they take advantage of a weakened immune system”...

Horizontal expansion

Social assistance programmes can temporarily include new, crisis-affected beneficiaries in an existing social protection programme. This option may involve extending the programme to more people in the same geographical area or an extension of the programme’s geographical coverage to areas affected by the crises but not in the footprint of the ‘regular’ programme. The expansion of the regular programme into new territories can be achieved through either a pre-screening of potential...

Housing subsidies

Housing subsidies are mainly divided in two kinds: supply-side and demand-side subsidies. “Traditional supply-side housing programs include government-built public housing and other so-called “bricks and mortar” subsidies given to the producers of housing, including, for example, subsidized financing, contributions of land and materials, and tax credits and deductions.” Demand-side subsidies, on the other hand, consist mainly of “capital grants and allowances targeted to poor households (…) In...

Human Capital

“Human capital is defined as the skills the labor force possesses and is regarded as a resource or asset. It encompasses the notion that there are investments in people (e.g., education, training, health) and that these investments increase an individual’s productivity.” Source: Goldin, Claudia. 2014 ‘Human Capital’, Handbook of Cliometrics, Cambridge, Harvard University.

Human Rights

“Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law...

Humanitarian Aid

We invite you to submit your definition of Humanitarian Aid in the context of social protection.

Humanitarian Crisis

“A humanitarian crisis in a country, region or society where there is total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which requires an international response that goes beyond the mandate or capacity of any single agency and/or the ongoing UN country program”. Source: OHCHR; UNHCR, 2013. ‘ The Protection of Human Rights in Humanitarian Crises ’, Global Protection Cluster (accessed 19 June 2018)