Health Insurance

“Financial protection against the health care costs arising from disease or accidental bodily injury. Such insurance usually covers all or part of the costs of treating the disease or injury. Insurance may be obtained on either an individual or a group basis.” Source: Hsiao, W. et al . 1997. "Glossary" in: Financing health care : issues and options for China (English) . Washington, DC : The World Bank. < >...


“The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, which help the body respond to infection. Within the CD4 cell the HIV replicates and in turn damages and destroys the cel.l Without effective treatment, using a combination of antiretroviral drugs, the immune system will become weakened to the point that it can no longer fight infection and disease.” Source: WHO. 2017. "What is HIV?". World Health Organization Website. <

Horizontal expansion

"Social assistance programmes can temporarily include new, crisis-affected beneficiaries in an existing social protection programme. This option may involve extending the programme to more people in the same geographical area or an extension of the programme’s geographical coverage to areas affected by the crises but not in the footprint of the ‘regular’ programme. The expansion of the regular programme into new territories can be achieved through either a pre-screening of potential...

Housing subsidies

Housing subsidies are mainly divided in two kinds: supply-side and demand-side subsidies. “Traditional supply-side housing programs include government-built public housing and other so-called “bricks and mortar” subsidies given to the producers of housing, including, for example, subsidized financing, contributions of land and materials, and tax credits and deductions.” Demand-side subsidies, on the other hand, consist mainly of “capital grants and allowances targeted to poor households (…) In...

Human Capital

“"(T)he skills the labor force possesses and is regarded as a resource or asset." It encompasses the notion that there are investments in people (e.g., education, training, health) and that these investments increase an individual’s productivity.” Source: Goldin, C. 2014. ‘"Human Capital" in: Handbook of Cliometrics. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag . < >. Accessed 12 June 2020.

Human Rights

“Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law...

Humanitarian Aid

We invite you to submit your definition of Humanitarian Aid in the context of social protection.

Humanitarian Crisis

“A humanitarian crisis in a country, region or society where there is total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which requires an international response that goes beyond the mandate or capacity of any single agency and/or the ongoing UN country program”. Source: UNHCR. 2001. "Coordination in Complex Emergencies". United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Website. <