Environment and climate change

“Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g. using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. (...) It refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity.” Source: IPCC. 2007. "Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report". Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). < https://...

Errors of exclusion (targeting)

“(E)xclusion error can be quantified as the proportion of people in poverty who are omitted from a social transfer programme.” See also: Errors of Inclusion (Targeting) Source: Sabates-Wheeler, R. et al. 2014. "Targeting social transfer programmes: Comparing design and implementation errors across alternative mechanisms". WIDER Working Paper, 2014/040. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER. < https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/targeting-social-transfer-programmes >. Accessed 11 June 2020.

Errors of inclusion (targeting)

“(I)nclusion error can be quantified as the proportion of a programme’s beneficiaries who receive transfers despite not being poor.” See also: Errors of Exclusion (Targeting) Source: Sabates-Wheeler, R. et al . 2014. "Targeting social transfer programmes: Comparing design and implementation errors across alternative mechanisms". WIDER Working Paper , 2014/040. Helsinki: UNU-WIDER. < https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/targeting-social-transfer-programmes >. Accessed 11 June 2020.