Objectifs du programme

NFA’s mandate is to ensure food security and the stabilisation of the supply and price of rice and maize.

Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Previous programme name (if any)
 
Date de début
1981
Références
The NFA was formally established only in 1981, however the rice subsidy programme dates to the 1960s, when the rice and maize administration was established. Fernandez, L., and R. Velarde. 2012. “Who Benefits from Social Assistance in the Philippines?” Philippine Social Protection Note, No. 4. Washington, D.C.: World Bank <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/863971468107643783/pdf/694160BRI0P1180PUBLIC00FINAL0PSPN04.pdf>. Accessed 18 May 2018.
Composantes du programme
Rice price support and procurement Buffer stock scheme
Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Conditionalities (if any)
 
Contribution type and amount
 
Méthodes de ciblage
Geographical Targeting
Self-Targeting
Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Régions ciblées
Nationwide. However, the NFA has specifically targeted rice-deficient areas and provinces classified under the Accelerated and Sustainable Anti-Poverty Programme (ASAPP) for the Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cabinet Cluster (HDPRCC).
Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Target groups
 
Eligibility criteria
 
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
 
Type de bénéfices
Food subsidies.
Montant des bénéfices
Prices are set to ensure farmers’ returns and consumer protection. From 2012 to 2017, the support/procurement price was set at PHP17.00/kg (plus a PHP0.30/kg cooperative development incentive fee, PHP0.20/kg delivery incentive, and a PHP0.20/kg drying incentive). The subsidised wholesale and retail prices range from PHP25/kg milled to PHP27/kg, respectively. Under the buffer stock scheme, NFA keeps a year-round 15-day strategic rice reserve (SRR) in government depots to be deployed in times of emergency and a 30-day government rice buffer stock (GRBS), inclusive of the 15-day SRR.
Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Payment/delivery frequency
 
Mécanisme de versement des bénéfices
Rice is sold to accredited retailers.
Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Benefit recipients
 
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
 
Couverture
The programme reached an estimated 5.2 million households (28 per cent of the country’s households) in 2009.
Références
Fernandez, L., and R. Velarde. 2012. “Who Benefits from Social Assistance in the Philippines?” Philippine Social Protection Note, No. 4. Washington, D.C.: World Bank <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/863971468107643783/pdf/694160BRI0P1180PUBLIC00FINAL0PSPN04.pdf>. Accessed 18 May 2018.
Dépenses du programme
PHP7,000,000,000 for the buffer stocking programme was listed under the NFA's budget for 2018.
Références
Republic of the Philippines. 2018. National Expenditure Program, Volume III. Manila: Republic of the Philippines. <https://www.dbm.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/NEP2018/NEP%202018-VOLUME%20III.pdf>. Accessed 16 May 2018.
Institutions et organismes impliqués
National Food Authority (NFA).
Références
Fernandez, L., and R. Velarde. 2012. “Who Benefits from Social Assistance in the Philippines?” Philippine Social Protection Note, No. 4. Washington, D.C.: World Bank <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/863971468107643783/pdf/694160BRI0P1180PUBLIC00FINAL0PSPN04.pdf>. Accessed 18 May 2018
Mécanismes et fréquence de suivi et évaluation
Warehouse owners should submit quarterly reports on actual rice stocks to the NFA, which, in turn, must submit its own quarterly reports to the Department of Budget and Management and the Congressional Oversight Committee on Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization, listing farmers and sellers per province, as well as the volume of rice purchased and stock updates.
Références
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Legal Framework
 
MIS
 
Stakeholder
Population Group