Feedback and Complaints mechanisms

Also known as “Grievance redress mechanisms (GRMs)”, they “refer to the formal institutions and channels that capture beneficiary complaints or grievances related to targeting, service delivery, or other program functions, and provide redress. Grievance redress is an important element of managing a targeted program, particularly when cash is involved. Grievance redress mechanisms can be important for mitigating inclusion and exclusion errors and for monitoring corruption.” Also See: Grievance...

Financial Education

"Financial education can be defined as “the process by which financial consumers/investors improve their understanding of financial products, concepts and risks and, through information, instruction and/or objective advice, develop the skills and confidence to become more aware of financial risks and opportunities, to make informed choices, to know where to go for help, and to take other effective actions to improve their financial well-being”. Financial education thus goes beyond the provision...

Financial Inclusion

"Financial inclusion means that individuals have access to useful and affordable financial products and services that meet their needs (…) delivered in a responsible and sustainable way. (...) Financial access facilitates day-to-day living, and helps families plan for everything from long-term goals to unexpected emergencies. As accountholders, people are more likely to use other financial services, such as (…) invest in education or health, manage risk, and weather financial shocks, which can...

Food for work

"Food distributed to individuals or households in exchange for labour.” Source: Barrientos, A. et al. 2010. "Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database - Version 5.0". The University of Manchester Overseas Development Institute. < >. Accessed 11 June 2020.

Food Insecurity

"A situation that exists when people lack secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and an active and healthy life. It may be caused by the unavailability of food, insufficient purchasing power, inappropriate distribution or inadequate use of food at the household level. Food insecurity, poor conditions of health and sanitation and inappropriate care and feeding practices are the major causes of poor nutritional status. Food insecurity may...

Food Security

"A situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Based on this definition, four food security dimensions can be identified: food availability, economic and physical access to food, food utilization and stability over time." Source: FAO; IFAD and WFP. 2015. "Annex 3 - Glossary of selected terms used in the report". In: The...

Food Stamp

“Food stamp programs provide stamps or coupons that may be used for the purchase of food, or of particular foods. The stamps may be denominated in value terms or in terms of quantities of specific foods.” Source: Rogers, B. L. et al . 2002. "Food-Based Safety Nets and Related Programs". Social Protection discussion paper series, No. 0225. Washington, DC: The World Bank. < >. Accessed 11 June 2020.

Food Subsidies

“The commonest form of food subsidy is a direct, untargeted subsidy that lowers the price of a staple food for all consumers in a country. (…)Targeted subsidies mean that governments subsidise food prices for certain households, targeted either by income level or by category. In other words, a dual-price policy is adopted: non-targeted individuals buy food at market prices, while eligible households have access to cheaper food.” Source: HLPE. 2012. "Social protection for food security: A report...

Fuel Subsidies

“A fossil fuel subsidy is any government action that lowers the cost of fossil fuel energy production, raises the price received by energy producers or lowers the price paid by energy consumers. There are a lot of activities under this simple definition—tax breaks and giveaways, but also loans at favorable rates, price controls, purchase requirements (…)” Source: Oil Change International. n.d. "Fossil Fuel Subsidies Overview". Oil Change International Website. <

Funeral grants

"(I)n case of death, to cover funeral-related expenses". Source: EU. 2013. "Your social security rights in Norway". European Commission. < >. Accessed 11 June 2020.