2023
Langue
Anglais

System, institutional, and client-level factors associated with formal healthcare utilisation among older adults with low income under a social protection scheme in Ghana

In sub-Saharan African context, effect of system, institutional and client-level factors on formal healthcare utilisation among older adults with low income, especially those under a social protection scheme (called Livelihood Empowerment against Poverty [LEAP] programme) is least explored in the literature. However, an adequate understanding of how these factors contribute to formal healthcare utilisation among older adults who are classified as poor (in terms of low income) is important to inform health policy decisions. The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the contributions of system, institutional and client-level factors in formal healthcare utilisation among older adults with low income under the LEAP programme in Ghana. Data associated with this study were obtained from an Ageing, Health, Lifestyle and Health Services survey conducted between 1 and 20 June 2018 (N=200) in the Atwima Nwabiagya Municipal and Atwima Nwabiagya North District of Ghana. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to determine system, institutional and client-level factors associated with formal healthcare utilisation among older adults with low income under the LEAP programme in Ghana. The significance of the test was set at a probability value of 0.05 or below. The study revealed that participants who relied on the LEAP programme and/or health insurance subscription to cater for their healthcare expenses (AOR: 11.934, CI: 1.151-123.777), those whose family/caregivers decided on when and where to use formal healthcare (AOR:12.409; CI: 2.198–70.076) and those who did not encounter communication problem with healthcare providers (AOR: 1.358; CI: 1.074–3.737) were significantly more likely to utilise formal healthcare services compared with their counterparts. The study further found that participants who perceived the attitude of healthcare providers as poor (AOR: 0.889; CI: 0.24–0.931) and those who spent 20–40 minutes at the healthcare facility were significantly less likely to utilise formal healthcare services compared with their counterparts