Social protection for older persons: Social pensions in Asia

This publication aims to address the knowledge gap of social pension reform in Asia and the Pacific. It examines what has been learned from programs operating in different countries, and highlights key policy and budgetary issues that arise. The rising number of older persons in Asia has accentuated the importance of strengthening the systems of social protection in the region. This book examines the effectiveness and relevance of noncontributory or social pensions in supporting older persons in Asia. It discusses the political economy and financial sustainability of social pension reform, implications for gender equity and social rights, and design and implementation challenges. Case studies from Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand, Viet Nam, and South Caucasus and Central Asia provide key lessons for informing development policy and practice in Asia and the Pacific.