Scoping review on the role of social protection in facilitating climate change adaptation and mitigation for economic inclusion among rural populations

Rural populations, especially small-scale producers and women, are disproportionately impacted by climate change since their livelihoods depend largely on natural resources and weather patterns. This paper reviews the available evidence on the role of social protection programmes in facilitating climate change adaptation and mitigation, with a specific emphasis on economic inclusion for agriculture-dependent households. The review also presents available evidence on the ability of social protection programmes to contribute to mitigation targets through reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and in easing the impact of climate mitigation policies on price inflation, job losses and income insecurity. The review underscores the importance of a systems approach. Both climate policies and social protection policies should incorporate specific elements to effectively complement each other.