Persons With Disabilities in Indonesia: Empirical Facts and Implications for Social Protection Policies

In Indonesia as in many other countries of the world, persons with disabilities have poorer health outcomes, lower education achievements, less economic participation and higher rates of poverty than persons without disabilities. This is partly because people with disabilities experience barriers in accessing services that many of us have long taken for granted, including health, education, employment, and transport as well as information.These difficulties are exacerbated in less advantaged communities. In the years ahead, disability will be an even greater concern because its prevalence is on the rise. This is due to ageing populations and the higher risk of disability in older people as well as the global increase in chronic health conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mental health disorders. 

Persons with Disabilities in Indonesia: Empirical Facts and Implications for Social Protections Policies provides for the first time in Indonesian history a comprehensive empirical overview on nationally representative disability statistics. Besides the use of Riskesdas 2007 and Census 2010 data, this report makes use of a unique household survey of 2,000 individuals with disabilities in 11 provinces that was conducted in March 2012. The report further includes a review of the Indonesian and international legal framework related to persons with disabilities and discusses a variety of urgent policy interventions that aim at improving the life of persons with disabilities in Indonesia, particular those who live in poverty.