An overview of the social protection of workers in the Gig Economy of the transport sector in Brazil

Technological advances have been transforming work relationships. Non-traditional work relationships are growing and conquering the space of traditional contracts. Consequently, ensuring adequate coverage of social protection systems for these evolving work relationships becomes a pressing challenge. This study undertakes an estimation of Gig Economy workers within Brazil’s transport sector, using microdata from the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Pnad Contínua) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The primary aim is to furnish valuable insights for the formulation of public policies geared towards enhancing social security inclusion. The estimation methodology pivots on two principal variables: occupation and the economic activity undertaken by these workers. The findings underscore that during the third quarter of 2022, the total count of Gig Economy workers in the transport sector surged to 1.7 million individuals; remarkably, a mere 23% of this cohort contributed to the Social Security system.