Old and new welfare: The relative effect on child nutrition

The study compares the relative merits of Conditional Cash Transfer programs with more traditional programs to improve children nutritional status for the case of Colombia. The Conditional Cash Transfer program is called “Familias en Acción” and the childcare and feeding program is called Hogares Comunitarios. We use administrative data from the first program and the household surveys that were carried out in 2002 and 2003 to evaluate this program. We apply fixed effect and instrumental variables estimators to exploit exogenous variation that allows us to identify the average treatment effect of each program. We use the different degrees of availability of FA and of HC to model participation into the two programs and, in a second step, their effect on the nutritional status of children. We find that both programs have similar impact on nutritional and morbidity outcomes.