Morocco’s Social Protection Programs: Can the Country Overcome the Odds?
The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the existing economic and social vulnerabilities prevalent in Moroccan society. The pandemic exposed the inadequacies and fragility of the programs in safeguarding the dignity of the populace, which became particularly pronounced in the absence of a fair and robust social protection system. This reality led both the king and the political establishment to recognize the urgency of re-evaluating the fundamental underpinnings of this system. Their shared view materialized in a commitment to universal social protection for all Moroccans, with a deadline set for 2025. On the other hand, the rapid spread of the pandemic coincided with Morocco’s comprehensive assessment and recalibration of its development paradigm. Despite its aspirations, this model had failed to fully incorporate the Moroccan populace within development dynamics, instead focusing on financial equilibrium, often to the detriment of social and human equilibrium; this prompted the contemplation of a fresh development model. The newly envisaged model aimed to sever ties with the trajectory that had resulted in structural disparities, spanning domains such as education, skill development, healthcare, housing, employment, public services, and social protection.