Mongolia: Updating and improving the social protection index

Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) development of the social protection index contributed to the strengthening of social protection programs in developing member countries (DMCs). ADB will continue its work on updating and improving the Social Protection Index (SPI). The SPI’s update will address and incorporate lessons learned from two technical assistance projects1 that developed the SPI for 36 countries in Asia and the Pacific and introduce new components and institutional arrangements to sustain the effective use of social protection indicators in policy analysis and formulation in the DMCs. 

This country study provides updated information and data on social protection programs and calculates the SPI for Mongolia in view of the revised SPI methodology. The SPI can be updated periodically to assess progress in social protection arrangements in the country and analyse deeper aspects of targeting, coverage and expenditures on various social protection programs; for example, on the breadth (coverage) of social insurance versus social assistance or labour market programs, or on the depth (size of benefit) of various categories of social protection. The revised SPI methodology also provides scope to measure the gender responsiveness of programs, and poverty targeting of programs.