Migration and ageing: Income security during old age for the refugee and migrant papulation in Colombia and Peru

The study identifies how social security systems in Colombia and Peru are adapted to protect older people in mixed migratory movements. Colombia and Peru serve as the primary destinations for migrants from Venezuela, a nation that ranks second globally in terms of the largest number of refugees and individuals seeking international protection. As of August 2022, of the 5.7 million refugees and migrants from Venezuela residing in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), Colombia and Peru hosted 3.8 million, or 66 per cent of this population in LAC (Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela. The study focuses on the income security of older people and highlights what cash transfer mechanisms that serve this purpose.