Just energy transition in Indonesia: The role of social protection in facilitating the process

Energy transition presents both challenges and opportunities for Indonesia. It is estimated to be a net creator of jobs and a boost to global GDP. Despite the net employment gains, existing jobs will be lost – in 2018, the ILO estimated that around 6 million jobs may be lost by 2030 due to the transition to a green economy but around 24 million new jobs created was also forecast (International Labour Organization 2018). However, the transition will not happen automatically – appropriate accompanying policies are required.