The impact of a randomized cash transfer intervention on mortality of adult household members in rural South Africa, 2011–2022

Increasing socioeconomic resources through cash transfer payments could help promote healthy longevity. However, research in this area is limited due to endogeneity in cash transfer exposures and limited geographic representation. Our findings indicate that short-term cash transfers can lead to reduced mortality in certain subgroups of older adults with higher baseline socioeconomic status. Future work should focus on understanding the optimal timing, structure, and targets to maximize the benefits of cash transfer programs in promoting healthy aging and longevity.