A Guide to Universal Social Protection in the Arab Region: Challenges and Opportunities

This book aims to examine the potential for expanding social protection to include the most vulnerable and marginalized groups across four Arab countries of study: Jordan, Tunisia, Lebanon, and Egypt. The book operates on the premise that social protection is an inherent human right that should be accessible to all individuals throughout their lives. The objective of social protection is therefore to shift away from the narrow view of relief provision and toward a human rights-based approach that understands social protection as a tool for empowering individuals and promoting equity. The book centers around three core themes: universal coverage, public protection against risks, and the adequacy of the benefits provided. It further delves into three subsystems of social protection: non-contributory social protection, contributory social protection, and active and passive labor market programs. Specifically, the book examines four distinct social groups: children, older persons, informal workers, and young individuals not in education, employment, or training (NEETs). These groups were selected based on rigorous scientific criteria and quantitative indicators.