Guaranteed minimum pensions under the Regulation of Coordination on social security systems: The case of Greece

The types of benefits provided by public pension systems differ across countries. The public pension system in most countries is based on an earnings-related pension scheme and can either take the form of a common scheme for all employees or of several parallel schemes in different sectors or occupational groups. For the purposes of the application of Regulation 883/04 on Coordination of Social Security Systems, determining whether a pension benefit is considered a social security benefit is crucial. This is also the case for (guaranteed) minimum pensions. This study examines the characteristics of social security benefits to be able to distinguish between social assistance and special non-contributory benefits. Guaranteed minimum pensions (basic/ national/ social pension) are frequently treated as a special non-contributory benefit in the context of the Coordination Regulation, even though the  European Court of Justice (CJEU) has, in several cases, considered these benefits to be social security benefits. After exploring the conceptual framework of pensions as social security benefits shaped by the judgments of the CJEU and some theoretical considerations, it examines the case of guaranteed minimum pensions in Greece.