Fiscal space for social protection in Albania - 2022 UPDATE

In Albania, the ILO conducted in 2021 an analysis of the fiscal space for the social protection system and a review of the social protection system under the Joint UN Programme “Catalysing Municipal Social Protection.” The twin shocks that hit Albania – the earthquakes in November 2019 and the COVID-19 pandemic during 2020-2022 – had significant implications on the economy, labour market and public finance. Furthermore, the inflationary pressures due to the war in Ukraine overshadow the post-pandemic economic recovery. All these factors affect the national capacities to generate sufficient financing for social protection and move towards a long-term goal of universal social protection.