2022
Langue
Anglais

The effect of a disability-targeted cash transfer program on universal health coverage and universal access to education: A nationwide cohort study of Chinese children and adolescents with disabilities

To achieve improved outcomes for children and adolescents with disabilities, it is central to have universal health coverage (UHC) and universal access to education. This study investigates whether a disability-targeted cash transfer (CT) program is associated with improved access to healthcare and education for children and adolescents with disabilities.We used nationwide survey data of two million children and adolescents living with disabilities, who aged 8–15 years when entering the cohort between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2019. With a quasi-experimental study design, we compared the outcomes between CT beneficiaries who newly received CT benefits during the study period and non-beneficiaries who were disabled but never received CT using logistic regressions after propensity score matching with a 1:1 ratio. Outcomes of interest were utilization of rehabilitation services in the past year, medical treatment if the individual had illness in the past two weeks, school attendance if not in school at the start of the study, and reported financial hardship to access these services.