Child Protection Public Policies in China: Evolution Characteristics, Current Challenges, and Potential Solutions

Due to its high relevance to human rights and social welfare, designing effective child protection public policies has become one of the most central and pivotal missions of governmental agencies worldwide, especially for China which is a people-centred socialist country. To facilitate the resultful implementation and optimization of Chinese child protection public policies (CCPPPs), this paper first recognizes the evolution characteristics of CCPPPs through a hybrid document review and characteristics analysis and trend analysis approach. Then, prominent challenges confronted by CCPPPs are explored and identified by content analysis and comparative analysis methods, mainly comprising imbalanced safeguard priorities and imperfect resource agglomeration systems, overgeneralized culture-based family-centred systems, and vague regulations for child digitalization protection. Finally, with the help of a structure-culture-technology framework, three feasible and directed protection countermeasures are proposed, including establishing multiple-effective developmental CCPPPs, optimizing family-centred CCPPPs based on positive traditional culture, and constructing well-defined digital regulations of CCPPPs. This paper has significant theoretical and political contributions to enriching the theoretical research on CCPPPs and providing available and valid references and guidance for future researchers and policymakers in the field of child protection.