Adjusting to a changing world while sticking to principles: International Labour Organization responses to the challenges facing social protection systems in the 21st century

The paper analyses – basing itself on reports and other documents created by different parts of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) – the process which led to the adoption of Social Protection Floor Recommendation No. 202 and the shift in focus of social policy advice towards basic protection and to the Global South countries. It looks at the actions of different actors which shape the standard setting and policy stand of the organisation. Its goal is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the historical trajectory of ILO social security standards, examining the evolution of principles, conventions, and the global dynamics that have shaped the organization's approach to social protection over time.