Social Protection

UK Department for International Development, DFID
"(...) DFID takes a narrower definition of social protection that focuses on a sub-set of public actions that help address risk, vulnerability and chronic poverty. These comprise three sets of instruments:
• Social insurance refers to the pooling of contributions by individuals in state or private organisations so that, if they suffer a shock or change in circumstances, they receive financial support; 
• Social assistance comprises non-contributory transfers that are given to those deemed vulnerable by society on the basis of their vulnerability or poverty; and,
• The setting and enforcing of minimum standards to protect citizens within the workplace."
 
Source: DFID. 2006. "Social protection in poor countries". Social Protection Briefing Note Series, No. 1. n.p.: UK Department for International Development. <https://socialprotection.org/discover/publications/social-protection-poor-countries>. Accessed 18 June 2020.