Child labour

"The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. (...) The worst forms of child labour involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities – often at a very early age. Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour”...

Child poverty

"A state in which children lack the material resources needed to develop and thrive, enjoy their rights, achieve their full potential and participate as full and equal members of society. Child poverty is usually measured as the proportion of children living in households below a certain threshold income level. This threshold can be defined in absolute terms (e.g. the World Bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than US$ 1.90 per day) or in relative terms (e.g. households living on less...

Child-sensitive social protection

"Child-sensitive Social Protection (CSSP) includes all social protection measures that address children’s needs and rights and which improve elements of child well-being. It is an approach under which all social protection measures aim to maximise impacts and minimise any possible harms for girls and boys, across all ages, by systematically incorporating child risk and benefit (impact) analysis into each stage of policy and programme design, implementation and monitoring. It recognises and...

Chronic poverty

"Poverty experienced by individuals and households for extended periods of time or throughout their entire lives. Also called persistent poverty. Chronic poverty should be distinguished from transitory poverty". Source : Shepherd, A. et al. 2014. "The Chronic Poverty Report 2014-2015: The road to zero extreme poverty". Overseas Development Institute. < >. Accessed 26 October 2020.

Climate change

"Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions and persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use . Note that the...

Commodity vouchers

"Commodity vouchers are exchanged for a fixed quantity and quality of specified goods or services at participating vendors. Commodity vouchers share some similarities with in-kind aid in that they restrict and specify the assistance received, but it is accessed at local markets through traders" Source : European Commision. 2019. "Tools and Methods Series Reference Document No. 26: Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus. A Game Changer in Supporting People through Crises"...

Community-based targeting (targeting method)

“Community-based targeting selects eligible households by the assessment of a selected team of community members and leaders.” Source: Cirillo, C., Györi, M., Veras Soares, F. (2017). ‘ Targeting Social Protection and Agricultural Interventions – The potential for synergies ’, IPC-IG Working Paper, October 2017.

Complementary programming

"This term refers to programming where different modalities and/or activities are combined to achieve objectives. Complementary interventions may be implemented by one agency or by more than one agency working collaboratively. This approach can enable identification of effective combinations of activities to address needs and achieve programme objectives. Ideally this will be facilitated by a coordinated, multisectoral approach to needs assessment and programming". Source : Cash Learning...

Comsumption and expenditure

In the context of social protection, consumption and expenditure relates to a group of people's (e.g.: beneficiaries of a programme) choices in these areas.

Conditional cash transfers

“Cash distributed to individuals or households on condition that these undertake specified activities, e.g. that children attend school or that mothers attend primary health centres.” Source: Barrientos, A. et al. 2010. "Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database - Version 5.0". Brooks World Poverty Institute, The University of Manchester. < >. Accessed 13 May 2020.