Disability schemes and programmes around the world: Design and compliance with international social security standards

People with disabilities are often marginalized and experience higher levels of poverty, limited economic opportunities, low levels of participation in society and fewer opportunities to seek education. They incur higher costs of living, for example costs arising from care needs, transportation and an increased need for health services, as well as costs associated with other daily activities. Accordingly, social protection for people with disabilities should provide both income security and coverage of these extra costs. This report, then, explores existing disability schemes and programmes and analyses the extent to which these are in line with the principles and benchmarks laid out in international social security standards.