Attitudes towards adequacy and sustainability of social protection systems in the EU

Social protection systems across the EU have undergone many reforms over the past few decades and are currently facing significant fiscal, social and political pressure. As a result, the future adequacy and sustainability of the European welfare state is an increasing concern in Member States, and there is an ongoing debate at EU level. This study collects and reports policy-relevant evidence on the attitude of the citizens of the European Union towards social protection, with the intention of identifying the type of social contract that people favour. The paper provides an overview of the factors that influence the demand for social protection and solidarity, and explores the potential support for further EU-wide solidarity and protection.