Youth in the Labor Market and the Transition from School to Work in Tanzania

Tanzania, together with many other Sub-Saharan countries (see Guarcello and others 2005), suffers from a severe youth unemployment and inactivity problem in urban areas (Mjema 1997). Despite sustained growth in the second half of the last decade, during the 1990s labor market outcomes have further deteriorated (Government of Tanzania 2003). Although unemployment is by no means a problem unique to youths in Sub-Saharan Africa, the problem there is compounded by disappointing education outcomes that make the prospects of youths appear rather dim and by the circumstance that work is often the only asset for a large part of the population while no publicly provided insurance mechanism against the risk of unemployment is in place.