Unconditional cash transfer to reduce the burden of unmet surgical needs

Recent years have seen scandals involving international humanitarian organizations. Short term surgical missions from high to low- and middle-income countries have been criticized as ‘parachute’ missions. There are significant surgical unmet needs in low- and middle-income countries. Universal health coverage has been underutilized in low- and middle-income countries for surgical conditions. We suggest a two-fold solution: first, restructuring of aid organizations by splitting them into smaller units to make them transparent and responsive to local needs. Secondly, unconditional cash transfer directly to beneficiaries giving them a choice to select physician and hospital for surgical treatment.