Towards Adaptive Social Protection in Europe and Central Asia: A Synthesis Report

This report aims to assist governments and policy makers in examining how Social Protection (SP) systems can play a more purposeful role in building the resilience of households and responding to natural disasters. It is based on the understanding that countries in the ECA Region will experience an increasing incidence of natural and climate-related disasters in the coming decades. This is forcing governments to expand their adoption of DRM policies, structures, and systems. It also draws attention to the role of SP systems in supporting people to prepare for, cope with and adapt to shocks, raising questions about the design and delivery of the current suite of SP programs. The report focuses on four case study countries, purposively selected as two EU member states and two accession countries. The report seeks to take a systems-wide approach to SP with an expanded focus beyond post-dis aster social assistance programs. It includes references to wider social insurance, social services, and labor market programs, recognizing that these programs, as currently designed, can protect populations from indirect effects of a natural disaster (such as, loss of a formal job, increase in heating prices, and counselling) and extrapolating how these different programs can be used by governments to reach different populations with varying types of support.