Supporting transition by reducing food insecurity and undernutrition among the most vulnerable

Access to adequate and nutritionally balanced food remains a challenge for the poorest and most vulnerable people, especially in rural border areas. Twenty-six percent of the population lives below the poverty line and 3 million people are considered ‘food poor’. Considerable disparities in food security remain among geographic areas and socio-economic groups. The prevalence of stunting among children under 5 is 35 percent. Two-thirds of household heads have primary education or less – three quarters in rural communities. Myanmar is also vulnerable to natural disasters. This operation will deliver food assistance to Myanmar’s most vulnerable and food-insecure populations. It is based on extensive consultations, assessments, results, monitoring, along with recommendations from the mid-term review of the 2010–2012 protracted relief and recovery operation. WFP’s objective is to contribute to more equitable development across the country, and support national reconciliation efforts by reducing poverty, food insecurity and undernutrition and increasing resilience among the most vulnerable communities. WFP will promote knowledge-sharing as a means of improving the sustainability of these and partners’ interventions. WFP assistance will primarily consist of food transfers, with some cash transfers for asset creation. A hand-over strategy will be contingent upon the development of adequate national capacities and the implementation of policies that respond to acute food insecurity and undernutrition.