Strengthening Economic Opportunities For Program Keluarga Harapan Families: A Case Study of Four Districts in Java

The Family Hope Program (PKH) is a conditional cash transfer program launched by the Government of Indonesia in 2007. Since then its beneficiary coverage has reached 10 million families with the goal of reducing intergenerational poverty. An impact evaluation of the Family Hope program showed that after six years of investment it has significantly improved human capital development. However, it is not a replacement for employment and therefore has not assisted families to become self-sufficient in regards to their livelihoods (Cahyadi et al. 2018; TNP2K, 2015). Existing research to establish the reasons for this outcome has, however, been limited. In response, this research (commissioned by the Australian Government through the MAHKOTA program) seeks to identify the barriers that PKH families face in achieving sustainable livelihoods and the interventions needed to strengthen their economic opportunities.