SPaN (2019) Case Study: Yemen
The Yemen case study was produced as part of the “Guidance Package on Social Protection across the Humanitarian-Development Nexus” (SPaN). It is the outcome of an initiative jointly led by the European Commission’s Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DEVCO), Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) and Directorate- General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (NEAR) with the support of DEVCO Unit 04 and the MKS programme. In general, in addressing most pressing needs, the largest part of development assistance to Yemen has been focused on the themes of community resilience and food security. The EU’s flagship programme in this area worth EUR 70 million and running from 2016 to 2021, has been dedicated to Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen (ERRY). In a country on the verge of famine, this programme offers support to agri-businesses and livelihoods in rural communities to help vulnerable families build up sustainable farming practices. Through this programme, the EU has also supported social cohesion by recruiting and training local mediators, including female mediators, in methods to resolve local conflict through non-violent means.The EU is also supporting Yemen’s fragile health services and infrastructure with projects worth EUR 26 million that fight malnutrition and work to create a network of community health workers to help prevent the country’s health system from collapsing. Through its latest support package set for adoption in November 2018, the EU is responding to the continuous displacements of more than 2.3 million Yemenis and one million returnees caused by the conflict. An integral component of this new initiative is dedicated to ensuring adequate access to education to a generation of Yemeni children, some of whom have been out of school for more than two years.