SPaN (2019) Case Study: Mauritania

This briefing note summarises technical assistance in Mauritania. This focuses on Mauritania’s Social Registry, designed to support targeting of long-term social protection programmes, and assessed the feasibility of using this for targeting seasonal programmes (including humanitarian interventions) that are responding to shocks contributing to food insecurity. We examined feasibility in relation to six factors – how data in the register can inform shock response (inclusion of those most in need, extent of gaps); the dynamism of the registry in the face of shocks; the options for articulating linkages between shock response interventions and regular social protection programmes through the registry, their pros and cons; how transparency and accountability to affected populations can be ensured; whether registry-based targeting could allow some level geographical continuity in the response (as opposed to the humanitarian practice of concentrating assistance in certain villages only); and information sharing arrangements between humanitarian actors and the government registry services. We developed methodological guidance to use the registry for this purpose and improve the consistency, timeliness and efficiency of targeting on shock response programmes while maximising accountability.