SPaN (2019) Case Study: Kenya Urban Food Subsidy

This Kenya case study was produced as part of the “Guidance Package on Social Protection across the Humanitarian Development Nexus” (SPaN). It is the outcome of an initiative jointly led by the European Commission’s Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DEVCO), Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) and Directorate- General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (NEAR) with the support of DEVCO Unit 04 and the MKS programme. An Inter-Ministerial Task Force on Food Subsidy, comprising government ministries and international partners (Concern Worldwide, Oxfam and WFP) was created, with the objectives of addressing the present food crisis in urban areas and reducing vulnerability of the urban poor to future crises. This Task Force mandated the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Development (MoGCSD) to design and implement a pilot programme to respond to the food crisis. In parallel, Oxfam and Concern Worldwide initiated an emergency ‘urban food subsidy programme’ in the Mukuru and Korogocho informal settlements of Nairobi, with funding from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). This aimed to meet immediate needs due to the crisis and, in doing so, influence the Government of Kenya to address the lack of long-term social transfers for the urban poor, as preventative measures against future crises.